The Pennsylvania Crimes Code categorizes crimes into three categories: felonies, misdemeanors, and summary offenses. Felonies and misdemeanors are further categorized based on the severity of the offense. The three classes of felonies are Felony 1 (F1), Felony 2 (F2), and Felony 3 (F3) and the three classes of misdemeanors are Misdemeanor 1 (M1), Misdemeanor 2 (M2), and Misdemeanor 3 (M3).
The minimum and maximum penalties for felony offenses are as follows:
|Felony 1||10 -20 years||$25,000||Third Degree Murder, Voluntary Manslaughter, Aggravated Assault, Kidnapping, Rape|
|Felony 2||5-10 years||$25,000||Involuntary Manslaughter (when victim is under 12), Aiding or Soliciting a Suicide, Sexual Assault, Owning or Operating a Chop Shop, Interference with Custody of Children|
|Felony 3||3 ½ – 7 years||$15,000||Possession of Child Pornography, Homicide By Vehicle, Theft of Trade Secrets, Bribery, Perjury|
While the chart above includes offenses in each category, the classification is not always clear. There are a number of factors that determine what penalties you might receive if found guilty, including the seriousness of the offense, your prior record, and factual circumstances of the case.
For example, robbery is graded as a felony of the third degree when one takes or removes property from another person using force, however slight, during the theft. Robbery is graded as a felony of the second degree if one inflicts bodily injury upon another or threatens another with or intentionally puts him in fear of immediate bodily injury during the theft. Robbery is graded as a felony of the first degree if one inflicts serious bodily injury upon another, threatens another with or intentionally puts him in fear of immediate serious bodily injury during the theft.
Specific facts often dictate the category of the offense. That is why it is important to consult an attorney who can evaluate the charges against you and the specific facts of your case.