Most Americans believe spanking has its place. According to a recent ABCNEWS poll the public, by a 2-1 margin, approves of spanking children in principle. But what are the laws surrounding this issue?
Generally, when you strike another you can be liable for assault and battery (among other offenses). However, there are a few exceptions to this general rule. For instance, in Pennsylvania, like most states, parents are legally allowed to spank their children, within limits of course, without legal repercussion. Corporal punishment is the legal doctrine that provides a justification defense for parents who may spank their child for disciplinary purposes.
Specifically, the relevant section of the Pennsylvania Code permits parents to use reasonable supervision and control when raising their children. In doing so, parents or guardians responsible for the general care and supervision of their child may use force for the purpose of safeguarding or promoting the welfare of the child, including the prevention or punishment of the child’s misconduct. Notably, the corporal punishment justification is only available so long as the force is not designed to cause or is not known to create a substantial risk of death, serious bodily injury, disfigurement, extreme pain, mental distress, or gross degradation.
What does all this mean? Caselaw on the issue provides markers for behavior that is justifiable and behavior that is not. Immersing your infant child in water cold enough to cause hypothermia would not be permissible under corporal punishment. On the other hand, disciplining a child by use of a wooden paddle on the child’s buttocks has been found to be justifiable where the force was used for purposes of punishing the child, not to cause extreme pain. The Court held that the paddling was not sufficient to constitute the criminal offense of simple assault.
The nuances of this area are such that no one can safely endorse any physical altercation between parent and child. If you would like more information or a formal legal opinion on this subject please contact one of our lawyers. While you have the legal right to spank your child in Pennsylvania, it is imperative that you remain within the legal limits of the exercise of that authority. Failure to do so can result in a trip to your county courthouse for a spanking of another variety altogether.